Let me start with giving just three titles for each category I named.

The links lead you to information about the book on www.amazon.com or wikipedia.

It's also a good idea to take a look on www.goodreads.com

Books on Musical Performance

Books on music by musicians

Music, language and the brain

Novels with music in an important role

(Auto)biographies and egodocuments

Books on history

Historical novels

Classics from literature


Nobel Prize winners

Roman-fleuve (novel cycles)